Next, we have to subtract the long-term EMA from the short-term EMA and that gives us the Moving Average Convergence Divergence. Traders can use the MACD indicator to help determine their position in the market by analyzing the movement of highs and lows on a price chart. This oscillator helps identify potential entry and exit points within a range, by signaling when the asset is potentially overbought (highs) or oversold (lows). The MACD indicator is avatrade review the most popular tool in technical analysis because it gives traders the ability to quickly and easily identify the short-term trend direction. Very few indicators in technical analysis have proved to be more reliable than the MACD, and this relatively simple indicator can quickly be incorporated into any short-term trading strategy. A prevalent MACD indicator strategy involves observing crossovers, overbought/oversold conditions, and divergences.

## How Does the MACD Indicator Work?

If the MACD line crosses the zero line from below, it’s a bullish signal. The MACD histogram represents the difference between the MACD and signal lines. If the MACD line is above the signal line, the histogram will be above the MACD’s zero line. If the MACD line is below the signal line, the histogram will be below the MACD’s zero line. The histogram can help traders visualize the degree of divergence between the MACD and signal lines.

## How to Trade Using MACD

The crossover of the MACD line above or below this signal line is often used by traders as an indication of potential buying or selling opportunities. Understanding the dynamics between these lines is critical for executing timely trades. Like all technical analysis tools, MACD isn’t the one and only option. In fact, what’s useful about this type of analysis is that you don’t have to be an expert to use it. Understanding the nuances of a trading tool is important but it isn’t always necessary.

## How can the MACD indicator be used to gauge Bitcoin’s price trends?

- This line is a product of a 9-period Exponential Moving Average plotted on the faster MACD line.
- This article will focus the most popular indicator used in technical analysis, the moving average convergence divergence (MACD).
- The signal line is derived from the MACD values themselves, representing a 9-period EMA of the MACD line.
- One of the best uses of the MACD study in Forex trading is in identifying divergence signals.

This is easier to interpret than looking at the two lines alone, since it is sometimes difficult to tell if one curve is steeper than the other. The histogram is positive when MACD is higher than its nine-day EMA, and negative when it is lower. The zero-cross strategy could be used again to take a long position when the MACD crosses the zero line from below. At the point circled in our image, prices have been rising and momentum is up. As trading proceeds, you observe the MACD initially crossed the zero line from below, then crossed again from above.

## Zero Line Crossover

In this article, you’ll learn about the Moving Average Convergence Divergence indicator, or MACD for short. It’s one of the most popular and widely used technical analysis tools. We’ll explore everything about the indicator from the way it’s calculated, through how to read it properly, to how you use it when trading live. There is no such thing as a ‘best’ time to use the MACD indicator, this will be completely down to you, your personal preferences and trading plan. For some, there may be no correct time to use the MACD indicator, as they don’t take a technical approach to analysis, or choose to use a variety of other indicators to determine price action.

The primary method of interpreting the MACD is with moving average crossovers. You can see that the price creates a few swings while attempting to break in the bullish direction. However, https://forex-reviews.org/ the stop order is well positioned below the Hammer formation and the trade survives the pressure of the bears. As you see, the MACD line is faster and it often breaks the signal line.

When MACD forms highs or lows that exceed the corresponding highs and lows on the price, it is called a divergence. A bullish divergence appears when MACD forms two rising lows that correspond with two falling https://broker-review.org/alpari/ lows on the price. This is a valid bullish signal when the long-term trend is still positive. The MACD lines, however, do not have concrete overbought/oversold levels like the RSI and other oscillator studies.

One of the divergence problems is that it can signal a reversal, but it is a false positive. To avoid unreliable signals, use MACD with momentum indicators and price actions to guide your trading decisions. Firstly, divergence can often signal a false positive, i.e., a possible reversal, but no actual reversal occurs. This is because prices often demonstrate a few surges or plunges as market participants set off stops to match the supply and demand in the order flow.

The histogram reversal is based on using known trends as the basis for placing positions, which means the strategy can be executed before the market movement actually takes place. Profitable entry points are highlighted by the green vertical lines, while false signals are highlights by the red lines. If the two moving averages come together, they are said to be ‘converging’ and if they move away from each other they are ‘diverging’. If the MACD were to be trading above the zero line, it would confirm an uptrend, below this and the indicator would be used to confirm a downtrend. MACD can inform stop-loss settings by indicating when the momentum behind a trade is waning, which might suggest a good time to exit to minimize losses. For instance, a reversal in MACD’s direction shortly after a trade can be a signal to set a stop loss to protect gains or prevent further losses.

The MACD’s popularity is largely due to its ability to help quickly spot increasing short-term momentum. However, before we jump into the inner workings of the MACD, it is important to completely understand the relationship between a short-term and long-term moving average. Nevertheless, the MACD technical indicator made a clear lower low from Low #1 to Low #2. This bearish divergence warned of the impending downturn of the S&P 500 future and the market as a whole. This occurs because there is a change in direction or a slowdown in the stock, future, bond, or currency trend. The MACD indicator, also known as the MACD oscillator, is one of the most popular technical analysis tools.

MACD is often used in mean-reversion systems to signal overbought or oversold conditions. The MACD indicates changes in trend direction by showing the turning points where the signal line crosses over the other moving average lines. Traders compare peaks and valleys in the MACD to peaks and valleys in the underlying security’s price to find divergences. This technical analysis guide explains what the moving average convergence divergence indicator (MACD) is, and how traders use it to exercise trading strategies.

To put it in layman’s terms, this is a trend-following indicator that shows the relationship between two moving price averages i.e., how two EMAs compare to each other over a period of time. Downward or upward turns in the MACD histogram towards the zero line always precede MACD crossover signals. A MACD histogram’s vertical bars above and below the zero centerline visually indicate positive and negative momentum.

A nine-day EMA of the MACD called the “signal line,” is then plotted on top of the MACD line, which can function as a trigger for buy and sell signals. The Moving Average Convergence/Divergence indicator is a momentum oscillator primarily used to trade trends. Although it is an oscillator, it is not typically used to identify over bought or oversold conditions.