The Causes of Bruising Easily: Anemia, Vitamin Deficiency, and More

why do alcoholics bruise easily

Losing valuable fluid and nutrients from your body can lead to wrinkled, dry, puffy or just generally unhealthy-looking skin. Severe alcohol consumption can impair the immune system, which can leave a person at greater risk of infections and skin sores (abscesses). As alcohol dries the skin, our natural defence against pathogens, this can also lead to repeated skin infections.

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Von Willebrand disease, the most prevalent bleeding disorder, affects about 1% of the population. A person with this condition has little or no von Willebrand protein, which is important for blood clotting. Synthetic hormone treatment can improve blood clotting in people with the condition.

Medical conditions

  • Jaundice can be a physical sign of liver problems, where the skin takes on a yellowish-brown tone due to high levels of bilirubin.
  • In June, the World Health Organization said that no level of alcohol consumption is safe for our health.
  • If you have cirrhosis from alcohol liver damage, you’re also more likely to bleed and bruise easily.

Instead, discuss your concerns with your doctor to find the treatment plan that works best for you. Bruising happens when capillaries break open under your skin, causing bleeding within the skin tissue. If you need help because of domestic violence or sexual assault, talk with a healthcare professional, or access resources and assistance through our domestic violence resource guide.

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Brain changes from repeated alcohol misuse lead to compulsive drinking and make it difficult to stop without treatment. Alcoholics tend to bruise easily because of the blood vessels in their body breaking down. This can lead to bruising even when there is no trauma to the skin.

Micro-bleeds form at the location of these unnoticeable injuries and clotting factors along with the platelets take care of these micro-bleeds. When some of these factors are lost or dysfunctional your body will not be able to fix these micro-bleeds and they will turn into bruises. Certain people are simply more prone to bruising, which should not be cause for concern. Over time, tissues that support the body’s capillaries begin to weaken, and capillary walls become more fragile, making them more vulnerable to being broken. In addition, skin becomes thinner as you age and loses some of the protective fatty layer that helps cushion blood vessels from injury.

why do alcoholics bruise easily

If you often find yourself wondering why you’re bruising easily, you suspect you might have any of the above conditions, or you check off any of the risk factors, talk to your doctor, says Dr. Vyas. While vitamin C deficiency can also cause an increase in bruising, it’s uncommon in the U.S. thanks to diets filled with fruits and veggies. Your doctor will likely have you describe your symptoms, examine current bruises and ask for information about any history of bleeding problems in you or your family. You should bring a list of the medications you are taking to the appointment, as some drugs can increase your risk of bruising. Von Willebrand disease is a bleeding disorder that occurs when a protein called von Willebrand factor in the blood is lacking or not working properly. This condition is more common than hemophilia and affects people of all sexes equally.

  • One study showed that the development of a yellow color was the most noticeable change in a bruise over time.
  • Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, which helps blood carry oxygen throughout the body.
  • While bumping into something while drinking may seem relatively harmless, the truth is that excessive drinking can set you up for serious injuries from falling or other accidents.
  • Depending on the type of disorder, they might recommend treatments like topical medications, iron supplements or blood transfusions.

If you are experiencing easy bruising as a side effect of medication, do not stop taking it without talking to your provider. In some cases, the risks of not taking your medication are more serious than the side effects it causes. The symptoms of hemophilia can be mild or severe, depending on how much clotting factor is present in the affected person’s blood.

why do alcoholics bruise easily

But if the cells that regrow your nail (called the nail matrix) are damaged, it may grow in incorrectly or you may not regrow your nail at all. If necessary, your doctor can pierce your nail to drain the blood and fluid why do alcoholics bruise easily built up underneath. Don’t do this yourself because you could hurt yourself further, cause an infection, and slow your healing process. Ecchymosis (pronounced eh-kuh-mow-sis) is the medical term for a bruise.

  • Certain physical signs and symptoms might indicate that you’ve developed an alcohol addiction.
  • Along with the dreadful, painful, bordering-on-psychedelic hangovers I used to get when I was a drinker, I remember I would also often wake up with bruises on my body after a night of heavy drinking.
  • It causes dark purple bruise-like lesions on the skin and is most likely to develop on the arms and hands.
  • The typical recommendation is to stick to 1-2 drinks per hour.

Bruising Easily Can Be Normal but Sometimes Signals an Underlying Problem


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